"That year, at the European championships, the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF), the world governing body for track and field, required all female athletes to submit to a gender test — a crude pageant referred to as a "nude parade," in which athletes’ bodies (specifically their genitals) were examined, sometimes with the help of a gynecologist. Those who passed were given a Certificate of Femininity that they were required to present at all competitions."
A "Certificate of Femininity"
(…) “The International Volleyball Federation was the last to eliminate screening, in 2004. However, the IOC and its affiliated sports federations retained the right to gender-test if suspicions were raised against an athlete — usually by a medical professional who observes unusual genitals during a doping test or by an athlete who lodges a complaint against a competitor because of an outstanding performance or masculine-looking features.”
So even when women try to escape from the ruthless trivialization of their lives by demonstrating the strength of their bodies, they are still expected to be pretty. So even after becoming the best, most powerful anatomical specimens, WOMEN ARE STILL NOT TREATED LIKE HUMAN BEINGS
(…) “Yet regardless of the complexities of calling out women with hyperandrogenism, there is still the dubious issue of testing athletes based purely on suspicion of not being female. Because there are no specifications on ranges of testosterone levels, there is room for authorities to make rulings based on how masculine certain athletes appear. Critics fear that women may be singled out for failing to conform to certain standards of what a woman should look like, even though many signs of masculinization (no menstrual period, flat chests, low body fat and increased muscularity) are also consequences of elite physical training.”
Surely, the definition of a woman is not so simplistic. Shouldn’t there be more tact and more thought and more discussion that goes into rules like these? The callousness of these male-dominated, male-cultured institutions is gross
(…) “Women’s sports advocates also note that when women athletes are singled out for looking masculine, nonwhite athletes seem to come under fire more often. None of the athletes whose gender has been publicly challenged since routine gender testing was eliminated are white. Katrina Karkazis, a senior research scholar at Stanford, notes that “concerns about gender seemed to be raised more frequently about African or African-American athletes, and it’s not a coincidence. When the public eye gazes on black athletes and judges them against a standard of white femininity, it’s much easier to find differences and departure.”
why THE FUCK does it matter if she has short hair or long hair. The POINT of sports is that nothing matters except except your strength
(…) “The bigger question raised, however, is why it’s necessary to root out any genetic advantage resulting from a sex difference in the first place. “The fact that female sprinters have huge legs is a function of sports, not hormonal imbalance — it’s impossible to disentangle what’s a function of intense training and having high testosterone,” notes Nancy Hogshead-Makar, senior director of advocacy of the Women’s Sports Foundation and a three-time Olympic gold medalist in swimming. “All Olympians have a genetic advantage over other people. If someone is born that way, it shouldn’t be counted against them. Even if they have extraordinary natural levels of male hormones, that’s akin to (having a large lung capacity or extraordinary height or flexibility.”
all the sore losers need to SHUT UP AND SIT DOWN